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Braces for Children

Many children are ambivalent about getting braces.  On the one hand, they like the idea of perfect teeth, but on the other hand they are nervous about whether the braces will cause pain and discomfort.  The good news is that the placement of orthodontic braces is not at all painful, and the end result will be a beautiful straight smile.

Although patients of any age can benefit from orthodontic braces, they tend to work much quicker on pre-teens and teenagers since they are still experiencing jaw growth.  The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) recommends that children should first see an orthodontist around the age of seven years-old.  An orthodontic examination may be beneficial before age seven if facial or oral irregularities are noted.

What Causes misalignment of teeth?

Poorly aligned teeth often cause problems speaking, biting and chewing.  Most irregularities are genetic or occur as a result of developmental issues.  Conversely, some irregularities are acquired or greatly exacerbated by certain habits and behaviors such as:

  • Mouth breathing
  • Thumb or finger sucking
  • Prolonged pacifier use
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Poor nutrition

What’s involved when a child gets braces?

The orthodontist initially conducts a visual examination of the child’s teeth.  This will be accompanied by panoramic x-rays, study models (bite impressions) and computer generated images of the head and neck.  These preliminary assessments are sometimes known as the “planning phase” because they aid the orthodontist in making a diagnosis and planning the most effective treatment.

In many cases, the orthodontist will recommend “fixed” orthodontic braces for a child.  Fixed braces cannot be lost, forgotten or removed at will, which means that treatment is completed more quickly.  Removable appliances may also be utilized, which are less intrusive, and are generally used to treat various types of defects.

Here is a brief overview of some of the main types of orthodontic appliances used for children:

  • Fixed braces – Braces comprised of brackets which are affixed to each individual tooth, and an archwire which connect the brackets.  The brackets are usually made of metal, ceramic, or a clear synthetic material which is less noticeable to the naked eye.  After braces have been applied, the child will have regular appointments to have the braces adjusted by the orthodontist.  Orthodontic elastic bands are often added to the braces to aid in the movement of specific teeth.

  • Headgear – This type of appliance is most useful to treat developmental irregularities.  A headgear is a custom-made appliance attached to wire that is worn to aid in tooth movement.  A headgear is intended to be worn for 12-20 hours r each day and must be worn as recommended to achieve good results.

  • Retainers – Retainers are typically utilized in the third phase (retention phase).  When the original malocclusion has been treated with braces, it is essential that the teeth do not regress back to the original misalignment.  Wearing a retainer ensures the teeth maintain their proper alignment, and gives the jawbone around the teeth a chance to stabilize.

If you have questions about braces for children, please contact our office.

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We at Prosites sincerely appreciate the opportunity to design and host your new website. Your dedication to educating and serving your patients is evident by the excellent information and background your website provides to visitors. We salute your efforts in providing that extra level of communication and service that is so important to patients.

Lance V. McCollough President & CEO Prosites, Inc.

Dr. Carpenter,



So many times in business and life in general, we are pummeled with the negative. I just wanted to drop a quick positive note to let you know how pleased I am with yourself and the entire staff at M Street Dental. My entire family have been patients with you for many years. I don’t believe anyone will tell you they enjoy going to the dentist and I will confess I am no exception. M Street Dental however has always maintained a genuinely positive and friendly atmosphere where I feel as though I am among friends. This includes your entire staff. On Thursday, January 17th, I went into your clinic expecting to have a what was left of a tooth that had broken off extracted. To my pleasant surprise you have put me on a treatment plan to basically “resurrect” this tooth. Keep up the great work & kudos to you all.

Brian Buckingham

When I asked for an evaluation of my mouth, I thought I would probably lose all my remaining teeth, and start over. Remarkably you immediately removed the remains of 2 teeth and set up time the next day to make impressions. Your assistant made very good impressions, and made time the next day for your lab people to add to and repair my existing partial plates. A great job by all of you! The fit is amazing, and they work almost as well as normal teeth. They have needed no adjusting and I can eat green salad again, and apples! And the teeth that show in a smile look very natural. Thank all of you for a good job, well done. It is much appreciated! All done in 4 days!! Unbelievable! Thank you very much.

June Cheek

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