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Regenerative Procedures

Periodontal disease is an extremely serious progressive condition which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.  Periodontal disease occurs when a bacterial infection in the gum pockets causes the bone and gum tissue to recede away from the teeth.  The quality and quantity of bone and gum tissue is greatly reduced as the gum pockets continue to deepen.  Fortunately, prompt diagnosis combined with effective regenerative procedures can halt the progression of the disease and save the teeth.

There are many regenerative dental procedures available to restore health to the gums, bone and teeth.  The following are the most commonly used regenerative procedures:

Bone Regeneration

Dental implants and other restorative procedures depend on the jawbone being sufficiently strong and thick.  When periodontal disease has taken hold, the jawbone may have become too thin to successfully support an implant.  Natural bone regeneration (or bone grafting) is one of the best ways to promote growth and thicken the jawbone.

Initially, bone grafting material is obtained from elsewhere on the body or from a bone bank.  The gums are gently pulled back, and an opening is made in the jawbone where the grafting material will be packed in tightly.  A membrane is used to maintain the shape of the new bone, and tissue stimulating proteins and a platelet-rich growth factor may be applied to promote faster healing.  The surgical site will be sutured and packed with protective material.  The bone will naturally regenerate and become strong enough to eventually support an implant.

Gum Tissue Regeneration

Gum tissue regeneration is usually performed by way of gum grafting.  When gum tissue has been lost as a result of periodontal disease, the smile may appear discolored, toothy or unpleasant.  A gum graft aims to symmetrically contour the gum line, cover any exposed tooth roots and restore health to the gums.  Initially, a small strip of tissue will be removed from the roof of the mouth and placed in the middle of a split-thickness incision at the recipient site.  The surgical site will be covered with a protective membrane which promotes tissue regeneration, covered in platelet-rich growth factor and tissue stimulating proteins, and then sutured closed.  The soft tissue surrounding the teeth will naturally regenerate, producing a healthy, smile.

Pocket Reduction Surgery

The aim of pocket reduction surgery is to reduce the depth of the gum pockets and make it much harder for bacteria to invade the gum tissue.  Initially, the gum tissue is pulled back from the teeth and the subgingival area is thoroughly cleansed under local anesthesia.  Extensive scraping may be required to fully remove the plaque, debris and tartar from below the gum line.  An antimicrobial agent may then be applied to the affected area to kill any remaining bacteria, and the surgical site will be sutured closed.  Pocket reduction surgery is very effective for halting tissue loss and promoting the natural healing of the gums.

Scaling and Root Planing

The term “scaling” refers to the removal of plaque and calculus (tartar) from the supragingival region (above the gum line).  This treatment is usually conducted in the course of a routine professional cleaning, and performed under local anesthetic.  Root planing usually accompanies scaling and is performed in the subgingival region (below the gum line).  Tartar and toxins are initially removed, and then the tooth root is smoothed down to promote good healing in the gum tissue.  The planing of the tooth root provides a smooth area which prevents bacteria from recolonizing.  If these procedures do not completely eradicate the infection, surgical measures may be required.

If you have any questions about regenerative procedures or periodontal disease, please ask your dentist.

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Testimonials

We at Prosites sincerely appreciate the opportunity to design and host your new website. Your dedication to educating and serving your patients is evident by the excellent information and background your website provides to visitors. We salute your efforts in providing that extra level of communication and service that is so important to patients.

Lance V. McCollough President & CEO Prosites, Inc.

Dr. Carpenter,



So many times in business and life in general, we are pummeled with the negative. I just wanted to drop a quick positive note to let you know how pleased I am with yourself and the entire staff at M Street Dental. My entire family have been patients with you for many years. I don’t believe anyone will tell you they enjoy going to the dentist and I will confess I am no exception. M Street Dental however has always maintained a genuinely positive and friendly atmosphere where I feel as though I am among friends. This includes your entire staff. On Thursday, January 17th, I went into your clinic expecting to have a what was left of a tooth that had broken off extracted. To my pleasant surprise you have put me on a treatment plan to basically “resurrect” this tooth. Keep up the great work & kudos to you all.

Brian Buckingham

When I asked for an evaluation of my mouth, I thought I would probably lose all my remaining teeth, and start over. Remarkably you immediately removed the remains of 2 teeth and set up time the next day to make impressions. Your assistant made very good impressions, and made time the next day for your lab people to add to and repair my existing partial plates. A great job by all of you! The fit is amazing, and they work almost as well as normal teeth. They have needed no adjusting and I can eat green salad again, and apples! And the teeth that show in a smile look very natural. Thank all of you for a good job, well done. It is much appreciated! All done in 4 days!! Unbelievable! Thank you very much.

June Cheek

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